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Why You Should Visit Bihar

Why You Should Visit Bihar

Bihar, located in the eastern part of India, is a state rich in history, culture, and spirituality. Known as the cradle of ancient civilizations, Bihar boasts a legacy that dates back to the earliest days of Indian history. From the ancient ruins of Nalanda University to the sacred city of Bodh Gaya, Bihar offers a unique blend of historical and spiritual experiences. Whether you are a history enthusiast, a spiritual seeker, or a culture lover, Bihar has something special to offer.

Let me take you to experience Bihar in the best way possible. This blog will help you plan for your next trip to Bihar comfortably and easily without many restrictions. Join me as I take you through the roads of Bihar on your next virtual travel expedition.

Location of Bihar

Bihar is situated in the eastern part of India, bordered by Nepal to the north, West Bengal to the east, Jharkhand to the south, and Uttar Pradesh to the west. The state is strategically located on the fertile plains of the Ganges River, which flows through the center of Bihar from west to east.


The geographical landscape of Bihar is predominantly characterized by the vast Indo-Gangetic plain. This fertile region is ideal for agriculture, making Bihar one of the major agricultural hubs in India. The state is also home to several rivers, including the Gandak, Kosi, and Son, which contribute to its rich alluvial soil and diverse ecosystem.

History of Bihar

The history of Bihar is rich and varied, tracing back to ancient times. The region was a significant center of power, learning, and culture in ancient India. It was home to the Magadha Empire, which gave rise to two of the world’s greatest religions: Buddhism and Jainism.

During the Mauryan Empire, under the leadership of Emperor Ashoka, Bihar became a prominent political and cultural center. The Nalanda University, one of the world’s oldest universities, was established during this period and became a renowned center for learning and intellectual exchange.

In medieval times, Bihar continued to thrive under various dynasties, including the Guptas and the Palas. The state’s rich historical legacy is reflected in its numerous ancient monuments, temples, and universities.

Why is Bihar Famous?

Bihar is famous for its historical significance, spiritual heritage, and vibrant festivals. The state is known for its contributions to Indian history, religion, and culture.

Famous Cities of Bihar



Patna is the capital city, known for its historical landmarks, including the Golghar, Patna Sahib Gurudwara, and the Bihar Museum.



Gaya is a significant pilgrimage site for both Hindus and Buddhists, known for the Mahabodhi Temple and the Vishnupad Temple.



Nalanda is famous for the ancient Nalanda University ruins, which attract scholars and history enthusiasts from around the world.

Famous Tourist Attractions of Bihar

Mahabodhi Temple 

A UNESCO World Heritage Site in Bodh Gaya, marking the location where Lord Buddha attained enlightenment.

Nalanda University Ruins 

The ancient university complex that was a renowned center for learning in ancient India.


An ancient city surrounded by hills, known for its hot springs, historical sites, and spiritual significance.

Famous Food Items of Bihar

  • Litti Chokha 

A traditional Bihari dish made of roasted wheat balls stuffed with sattu (roasted gram flour) and served with mashed vegetables.

  • Sattu Paratha 

A flatbread stuffed with sattu and spices, commonly eaten for breakfast.

  • Thekua 

A sweet snack made from wheat flour, jaggery, and ghee, traditionally prepared during the Chhath Puja festival.

Famous Festivals and Cultures of Bihar

  • Chhath Puja 

 The most important festival in Bihar, dedicated to the Sun God, celebrated with great fervor and devotion.

  • Makar Sankranti 

Celebrated with kite flying, traditional foods, and cultural events marking the harvest season.

Political Condition of Bihar

Bihar has a dynamic political landscape with a history of strong political movements. The state is currently governed by a coalition government led by the Janata Dal (United) and the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). The political condition is generally stable, and the state is safe for travelers. However, it is always advisable to stay informed about local conditions.

Budget To Travel Bihar

Traveling in Bihar can be budget-friendly, with various options available for accommodation, food, and transportation. On a budget, one can explore the state with an estimated cost of INR 1,000 to INR 2,000 per day. For a more luxurious experience, the cost may range from INR 3,000 to INR 5,000 per day.

Area Covered by Bihar

Bihar covers an area of approximately 94,163 square kilometers. Despite its size, the state’s diverse landscapes and rich cultural heritage make it a significant destination in India.

Travel Bihar

Traveling to Bihar is convenient with multiple transportation options available.

How to Reach Bihar

Bihar is well-connected by air, rail, and road.

How To Reach Bihar By Air

The main airport is Jay Prakash Narayan International Airport in Patna, which connects to major cities across India and some international destinations. Other significant airports include Gaya Airport.

How To Reach Bihar By Train

Bihar has an extensive railway network, with major railway stations in Patna, Gaya, and Muzaffarpur, connecting to various parts of India.

How To Reach Bihar By Road

The state is well-connected by national highways and state highways, making road travel convenient.


Bihar has good connectivity with the rest of the country.

Distance of Bihar from Delhi

The distance from Delhi to Patna, the capital of Bihar, is approximately 1,000 kilometers by road.

Connected States via Railway

Bihar is connected to several states via railway, including Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Jharkhand, and others.

Highways Passing Through Bihar

Highway NameStates It CrossesTotal Distance (km)
NH 19 (Delhi-Kolkata)Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal1,435
NH 31 (Bihar-Assam)Bihar, West Bengal, Assam1,027
NH 27 (Porbandar-Silchar)Gujarat, Rajasthan, UP, Bihar, West Bengal, Assam3,507

Best Time To Travel

The best time to visit Bihar is during the winter months from October to March, when the weather is pleasant and ideal for sightseeing and outdoor activities. This period also coincides with several local festivals, offering a glimpse into the state’s vibrant culture.

The summer months, from April to June, can be quite hot and humid. However, this is also a good time to visit the hill stations like Rajgir.

Average Temperature in Bihar

During the summer, the average temperature in Bihar ranges from 25°C to 40°C, with high humidity levels, especially in the plains.

In winter, the average temperature ranges from 10°C to 20°C, making it an ideal time for travel and outdoor activities.

Concluding The Journey To Bihar

Bihar, with its rich history, diverse culture, and spiritual heritage, offers an unforgettable travel experience. Whether you are exploring the ancient ruins of Nalanda, the sacred city of Bodh Gaya, or the vibrant festivals of Patna, the state has something to offer for every traveler.

So pack your bags and get ready to embark on a journey through Bihar. Discover its hidden gems, indulge in its delicious cuisine, and immerse yourself in its vibrant culture.

FAQs About Traveling Bihar

When is the best time to visit Bihar? 

The best time to visit Bihar is from October to March when the weather is pleasant and ideal for sightseeing.

Does Bihar have an airport? 

Yes, Jay Prakash Narayan International Airport in Patna is the main airport in Bihar.

What is Bihar famous for?

 Bihar is famous for its historical significance, spiritual heritage, and vibrant festivals like Chhath Puja.

Is Bihar safe for women? 

Yes, Bihar is generally safe for women travelers. However, it’s always advisable to take standard safety precautions.

Is Bihar safe for solo travelers?

 Yes, Bihar is safe for solo travelers. Cities like Patna and Bodh Gaya are popular among solo tourists.

Is Bihar a good place to travel as a couple?

Yes, Bihar offers many romantic destinations like the serene temples of Bodh Gaya and the historical sites of Nalanda, making it a great place for couples.

What should I eat when in Bihar? 

You should try traditional dishes like Litti Chokha, Sattu Paratha, and Thekua.

Which is the best place in Bihar? 

The best place depends on your interests. Bodh Gaya, Nalanda, and Patna are among the top destinations.

Is Bihar safe at night? 

Major cities like Patna are generally safe at night, but it’s advisable to avoid isolated areas and take standard precautions.

Does it snow in Bihar? 

No, it does not snow in Bihar. The state has a tropical climate with hot summers and mild winters.

Which language is spoken in Bihar? 

Hindi is the primary language spoken in Bihar, but English is also widely understood and spoken.

Can I travel to Bihar with friends? 

Absolutely! Bihar has a lot to offer for group travelers, from cultural experiences in Patna to spiritual journeys in Bodh Gaya.

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